Forestry & Environmental Management

Forest management impacts on stream integrity at varying intensities and spatial scales: Do biological effects accumulate spatially?

Erdozain M., Kidd K.A., Emilson E.J.S., Capell S.S., Luu T., Kreutzweiser D.P., Gray M.A.

Posted: Apr 8, 2021

Category: Publications , Research

Abstract: The effects of forest harvesting on headwaters are quite well understood, yet our understanding of whether impacts accumulate or dissipate downstream is limited. To address this, we investigated whether several biotic indicators changed from smaller to larger downstream sites (n = 6) within three basins that had intensive, extensive or minimal forest management in New Brunswick...

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Object and behavior differentiation for improved automated counts of migrating river fish using imaging sonar data

Helminen J., Linnansaari T.

Posted: Apr 8, 2021

Category: Publications , Research

Abstract: Imaging sonars, such as the Adaptive Resolution Imaging Sonar (ARIS; Sound Metrics Corp.) produce continuous stream of sonar video footage, and they are commonly used for counting and sizing migrating fish in rivers. Although automated methods have been developed for processing imaging sonar data, manual analysis of the data is still common in fish population monitoring projects. In...

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Spruce budworm tree host species distribution and abundance mapping using multi-temporal Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 satellite imagery

Bhattarai R., Rahimzadeh-Bajgiran P., Weiskittel A., Meneghini A., MacLean D.A.

Posted: Mar 26, 2021

Category: Publications , Research

Abstract: Spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana; SBW) is the most destructive forest pest of northeastern Canada and United States. SBW occurrence as well as the extent and severity of its damage are highly dependent on the characteristics of the forests and the availability of host species namely, spruce (Picea sp.) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.). Remote sensing satellite...

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Evaluating annual spruce budworm defoliation using change detection of vegetation indices calculated from satellite hyperspectral imagery

Donovan S.D., MacLean D.A., Zhang Y., Lavigne M.B., Kershaw J.A.

Posted: Mar 23, 2021

Category: Publications , Research

Abstract: During spruce budworm (SBW; Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) outbreaks, defoliation causes severe tree damage and mortality to spruce-balsam fir (Picea spp.-Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) forests. Annual defoliation thematic maps provide vital information for forest protection planning against outbreaks, but such data are challenging to accurately collect over large areas during a short...

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Interannual variation in sap flow response in three xeric shrub species to periodic drought

Sundas Iqbal, TIanshan Zha, Xin Jia, Muhammad Hayat, Duo Qian, Charles P. A. Bourque, Yun Tian, Yujie Bai, Peng Liu, Ruizhi Yang, Alamgir Khan

Posted: Mar 15, 2021

Category: Publications , Research

Abstract: Extreme seasonal droughts frequently occur in semiarid and arid areas of the world. They can exert a profound influence on the physiological state of desert plants. Short-term rainfall and long-term water shortages in the Mu Us Desert have differentiated the role of individual species with their distinct ability to resist and recover from drought. This study explores how the scale of...

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Forest management impacts on stream integrity at varying intensities and spatial scales: Do abiotic effects accumulate spatially?

Erdozain M., Kidd K.A., Emilson E.J.S., Capell S.S., Kreutzweiser D.P., Gray M.A.

Posted: Mar 12, 2021

Category: Research , Publications

Abstract: Though effects of forest harvesting on small streams are well documented, little is known about the cumulative effects in downstream systems. The hierarchical nature and longitudinal connectivity of river networks make them fundamentally cumulative, but lateral and vertical connectivity and instream processes can dissipate the downstream transport of water and materials. To elucidate...

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High risk of growth cessation of planted larch under extreme drought.

Zhang X., Li X., Manzanedo R.D., D'Orangeville L., Lv P., Wang C., Xu C., Hou M., Huang X., Rademacher T.

Posted: Mar 10, 2021

Category: Research , Publications

Abstract: Larch trees are widely used in afforestation and timber plantations. Yet, little is known on how planted larch trees cope with increasing drought. We used a tree-ring network of 818 trees from 31 plantations spanning most of the distribution of Larix principis-rupprechtii to investigate how extreme drought influences larch radial growth in northern China. We found that summer drought,...

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Comparison between three registration methods in the case of non-georeferenced close range of multispectral images.

Fernández C. I., Haddadi, A., Leblon, B., Wang, J., Wang, K.

Posted: Mar 9, 2021

Category: Publications , Research

Abstract: Cucumber powdery mildew, which is caused by Podosphaera xanthii, is a major disease that has a significant economic impact in cucumber greenhouse production. It is necessary to develop a non-invasive fast detection system for that disease. Such a system will use multispectral imagery acquired at a close range with a camera attached to a mobile cart’s mechanic extension....

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What is it about the ForEM Students and the 4020 Capstone Course?

Dr. Ted Needham

Posted: Feb 27, 2020

Category: Students , Faculty

What is it about ForEM graduates that make them effective professionals? Maybe it’s the way they transform their technical knowledge and skill into meaningful and implementable plans that resolve current and complex forestry and environmental problems. Like their predecessors, ForEM students in the final year of their program work in teams to complete a capstone course referred to as...

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Message from the Dean

Van Lantz

Posted: Dec 4, 2019

Category: Faculty

Dear colleagues, alumni and friends: It is with pleasure that I write to you today to provide an update on the 2019-20 academic year here in UNB’s faculty of forestry and environmental management. We’re making great strides in a number of areas and have numerous initiatives on the go to help us achieve our mission of inspiring and preparing tomorrow’s forestry and...

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